Bhāratīya Nau Senā (BNS, Indian Navy) suffers from lack of spare parts, indispensable to overhauling and/or modernizing its naval fleet. More than 50% of scheduled overhauls had to be postponed or annulled, hence downsizing operational potential of the BNS.
– BNS has about 150 ships of all major types: aircraft carriers, destroyers, frigates, amphibious and replenishment ships, submarines. Their every-day exploitation leads to natural decay of particular types of equipment, which needs to be replaced and if possible, modernized,
– BNS’s ships are mostly subordinated to Western and Eastern Naval Commands, with headquarters, respectively, in Mumbai and Visakhapatnam. Their overhauls and repairs are being conducted by shipyards operating under these two Commands. It’s their responsibility to forward lists of required spares to material organization within months preceding planned overhaul, receive those which are available and install them on ships,
– lack of particular spares, excessive bureaucracy and ineffective overhaul procedures, lead to situation, when many overhauls need to be rescheduled or annulled. Inability to carry out overhauls apply to: 67% and 100 % of, respectively, scheduled and additional repairs within the Eastern Command and 73% and 92% of repairs within the Western Command,
– lack of spares adds to the long list of problems, troubling BNS. It also consists of: lack of Chief of Naval Staff after admiral Devendra Kunar Joshi’s resignation, growing number of ships involved in accidents on the sea and delay in arms buildup programs,
– inadequate number of spares which are available, leads to BNS’s inability to fully conduct overhaul/modernization programs. Furthermore, those which are actually carried out, are done only partially. This leads to a noticeable decrease of BNS’s actual operational potential and ability to fully protect India’s national maritime interests, hence many ships actually have to be put out of active duty, which strictly minimizes Indian actual naval force,
– one more point: particular types of ship equipment which haven’t been replaced, are one of reasons of growing number of accidents involving BNS’s ships, alongside lack of adequate leadership skills of commanding officers as well as low morale aboard.